MORPHOLOGY, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND TRADITIONAL USES OF BRYOPHYLLUM PINNATUM – A REVIEWAbstract
Medicinal plants have been known for millennia and are highly esteemed all over the world as a rich source of therapeutic agents for the prevention of various ailments. Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) (Crassulaceae) is a perennial herb grows 3-5 feet tall, fleshy dark green leaves that are distinctively scalloped and trimmed in red, and bell like pendulous flowers. It is used in folk medicine in tropical Africa, tropical America, India, China, and Australia. Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken is an indigenous and exotic plant used widely by the traditional practitioners for treating various ailments like renal calculi, hypertension, asthma, cold, abscesses, bleeding disorders. The local people of southern India and Bengal use the plant in renal diseases as a source of Pashanabheda, which is commonly known as Parnabeeja, a member of Crassulaceae. Phyto-chemical investigations reveal the presence of alkaloids, cardiac glycoside, flavonoids. The present review is, therefore, an effort to give a detailed survey of the literature on its pharamacognosy, phytochemistry and traditional uses of the plant Bryophyllum pinnatum.
S. Salauniyan *, R. Irchhaiya, N. Singh, S. Alok, D. K. Chanchal and R. K. Bijauliya
Department of Pharmacognosy, Institute of Pharmacy, Bundelkhand University, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India.
25 April 2019
21 May 2019
23 June 2019
31 July 2019