COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ANTIBIOTIC RESIDUE, FATTY ACID PROFILE AND MICROBIAL CONTAMINATION IN THE CHEST PORTION OF GALLUS GALLUSDOMESTICUS (BROILER CHICKEN) AND GALLUS GALLUS (TRADITIONAL CHICKEN)Abstract
The modern breeds of chicken (Gallus gallusdomesticus) is supposed to be evolved in India from Red Jungle fowl (G. gallus), whose original habitat is South and Central India, the Himalayan Terrain, Assam, Burma, Ceylon, Sumatra, and Java. Domestication of chicken is believed to have taken place between 7,000 and 10,000 years ago. A part from G. gallus scientists has identified three closely related species that might have bred with the red jungle fowl. It is concluded from this research work; It is well documented that microbial contamination in E. coli, Salmonella, S. aureus respectively and antibiotic residue contamination of chicken with pathogens is a major public health concern worldwide. Based on the Gas chromatography study, traditional chicken has very significant fatty acid profile compared to broiler chicken.