EVALUATION OF MACROSCOPICAL AND MICROSCOPICAL STUDY OF BRYOPHYLLUM PINNATUM PLANTAbstract
Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Kurz. widely used in traditional as well as folk medicinal systems are locally known as Panphuti. Traditionally, it is used for the treatment of kidney stones, urinary tract infection, burns, and diarrhea. In the present study, pharmacognostic studies of root, stem, and leaf of B. pinnatum (Lam.) Kurz. For standardization of plant material morphological and anatomical characterization was carried out. Intra-stelar and extra-stelar secondary growth with wood and periderm formation along with deposition of starch grains were observed in the pith region of the root and cortical region of the stem. Calcium oxalate crystals were also present in the cortical region of the stem. Leaf lamina showed spongy parenchyma in mesophyll region and anisocytic type of stomata. Anthocyanin pigment was present below epidermal cells in the petiole. He results of the study could be useful in setting some diagnostic indices for the identification and preparation of monograph of the plant.
S. Salauniyan *, R. Irchhaiya, N. Singh, S. Alok, D. K. Chanchal and R. K. Bijauliya
Department of Pharmacognosy, Institute of Pharmacy, Bundelkhand University, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India.
25 April 2019
21 May 2019
23 June 2019
30 June 2019