MARINE DRUGS FROM SPONGES AND THEIR USES – A REVIEWAbstract
The marine world is largely unexplored that harbors most of the biodiversity. In recent years, marine natural products have yielded a considerable number of drug candidates. Marine microorganisms, whose genetic and biochemical diversity became a rich source of novel chemical entities for the discovery of more effective drugs. Marine microbes especially marine sponges are playing a unique contribution for human health and well- being. In addition to the primary metabolites (amino acids, nucleotides, and vitamins), they also contribute many secondary metabolites, which constitute 50% of the pharmaceuticals. Drugs derived from the marine natural products are being developed for treating cancers, immune suppressive disorders, and resistant microbial species. The need to augment production of these marine compounds to prepare various drugs through tissue culture and mariculture and their uses in human population has been stressed on this article.