PHARMACOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE OF COMMELINA DIFFUSA (COMMELINACEAE): A REVIEWAbstract
Commelina diffusa is widely known as the climbing dayflower or spreading dayflower, which is an annual herb belonging to the family Commelinaceae that has been used as a medicinal plant for centuries. This plant distributes dispersedly with heavy branches and slowly grows along the soil. The plant can be found in the tropical and subtropical locations worldwide. Commelina diffusa has been used for many years to heal swelling, treatment of urinary tract infection and respiratory tract infections, diarrhea, enteritis, and hemorrhoids. The plant has also been used in fever, malaria, insect, bug bites, rheumatoid arthritis, gonorrhea, influenza, and bladder infection, etc. There are some experiments that have been conducted to observe the pharmacological properties of this plant. In this paper, all the reported pharmacological properties of this plant were reviewed such as anti-inflammatory activity, antioxidant activity, antibacterial activity, antifungal activity, nephroprotective activity, hepatoprotective activity, central nervous system (CNS) depressant activity, etc.
A. A. Prima, R. Ahmed, A. Faruk, Z. Zafroon and P. R. Dash*
Department of Pharmacy, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
30 December 2018
22 January 2019
25 January 2019
31 January 2019