MANAGEMENT OF PAIN AND FEVER IN DIFFERENT MEDICINAL SYSTEM- A REVIEWAbstract
Pain is a subjective, multidimensional and unpleasant experience allied with actual or potential tissue damage comprising sensory, affective and cognitive components. Pain signals interpretation is a complex process that entails excitation of peripheral nerves and further excitation of nociceptive inputs. Painkiller is member of diverse group of drugs used to relieve pain and to achieve analgesia. Fever is recognized as physiological response which is triggered by infectious stimuli or aseptic stimuli. Elevation in body temperature occur when concentrations of prostaglandin-E2 (PGE2) increases within certain areas of the brain. These elevations alter the firing rate of neurons that control thermoregulation in the hypothalamus. It is commonly suppressed with antipyretic medications. Several traditional medicinal systems are available for the treatment of pain & fever like ayurveda, unani, chinese, homeopathic, physiotherapy & non- pharmacological procedures etc. Pain & fever treatment in allopathic system are frequently used but has many adverse effects like renal & liver dysfunction, ulceration, sedation, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, constipation, physical dependence, tolerance and respiratory depression etc. This compilation addresses the different medicinal systems and therapies used for the treatment of pain and fever.
S. Singh, S. K. Singh * and K. Singh
Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Babu Banarsi Das University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
21 February 2015
26 March 2015
27 April 2015
30 May 2015